SPCC Regulation


Download a PDF of the SPCC Regulation

Reminder: Farms now have less than one year to prepare or amend and implement their Spill Prevention, Control, and Countermeasure (SPCC) Plans.


What is SPCC?

The goal of the SPCC program is to prevent oil spills into waters of the United States and adjoining shorelines. Oil spills can cause injuries to people and damage to the environment. A key element of this program calls for farmers and other facilities to have an oil spill prevention plan, called an SPCC Plan. These Plans can help farmers prevent oil spills which can damage water resources needed for farming operations.

SPCC For Agriculture

Region 8 EPA Information 

What is considered a farm under SPCC?

Under SPCC, a farm is: “a facility on a tract of land devoted to the production of crops or raising of animals, including fish, which produced and sold, or normally would have produced and sold, $1,000 or more of agricultural products during a year.”

Is my farm covered by SPCC?

SPCC applies to a farm which:

  • Stores, transfers, uses, or consumes oil or oil products, such as diesel fuel, gasoline, lube oil, hydraulic oil, adjuvant oil, crop oil, vegetable oil, or animal fat; and  
  • Stores more than 1,320 US gallons in aboveground containers or more than 42,000 US gallons in completely buried containers; and
  • Could reasonably be expected to discharge oil to waters of the US or adjoining shorelines, such as interstate waters, intrastate lakes, rivers, and streams.

If my farm is covered by SPCC, what should I do?

The SPCC program requires you to prepare and implement an SPCC Plan. If you already have a Plan, maintain it. If you do not have a Plan, you should prepare and implement one. Many farmers will need to have their Plan certified by a Professional Engineer (“PE”). However, you may be eligible to self-certify your amended Plan if:

  • Your farm has a total oil storage capacity between 1,320 and 10,000 gallons in aboveground containers, and the farm has a good spill history (as described in the SPCC rule), you may prepare and self-certify your own Plan.
  • Stores more than 1,320 US gallons in total of all aboveground containers (only count containers with 55 gallons or greater storage capacity) or more than 42,000 gallons in completely buried containers; and
  • Could reasonably be expected to discharge oil to navigable waters of the US or adjoining shorelines, such as lakes, rivers and streams.


If the oil storage capacity on the farm is less than 10,000 gallons total, can a farmer self-file a plan and do regular self-inspections and be in compliance?

Yes, and you do not have to file the plan with EPA. If over 10,000 gallons in total oil storage capacity, you will need a professional engineer to certify your plan. Download Plan Template.


What is some information I need to prepare for my farm's plan?

  • A list of storage containers;
  • A brief description of how you will prevent spills;
  • A brief description of the measures you put in place to prevent oil from reaching water;
  • A brief description of how you will clean up a spill in the event that one occurs;
  • A list of emergency contacts and first responders.


If I have more than one farm location, do I total the oil storage from all locations?

Not necessarily. If the locations or the leased or owned parcels have separate farm identification numbers, then the owner or operator will need to calculate the total storage capacity for central fueling and for each parcel, tract or field.